Outlining a Reading
An outlineA preliminary plan for a piece of a writing, often in the form of a list. It should include a topic, audience, purpose, thesis statement, and main and supporting points. help a reader understand the topicThe subject of a reading. of a readingA piece of writing to be read. A reading can either be a full work (i.e., a book) or partial (i.e., a passage). by looking at the organization of the details in the passageA short portion of a writing taken from a larger source, such as a book, article, speech, or poem.. Readers can use two types of outlines when breaking down the information in a reading: formal outlinesAn outline that is traditional and structured, follows a set pattern, and uses a combination of Roman numerals, letters, and numbers to show a hierarchy of information based on the major and minor details or ideas. and informal outlinesA simplified outline that presents an overview of the placement of information in a reading..
Formal outlines are more traditional and structured. They follow a set pattern and use a combination of Roman numerals, letters, and numbers to show a hierarchyA system that is organized into different levels according to importance or power. of information based on the major detailsThe larger points within a reading that support the main idea. and minor detailsSmaller statements within a reading that tie directly to major details. or ideas.
Formal outlines look like this:
I. Main Idea
Informal outlines are less structured, but they still present an overview of the placement of information in a reading.
Informal outlines look like this:
- Supporting Idea
Planning a home garden
- Vegetable garden
It is useful to outline chapters in a textbook or any reading given in a college class. It will help you understand what the main ideasThe most important or central thought of a reading selection. It also includes what the author wants the reader to understand about the topic he or she has chosen to write about. are in the reading and allow you to focus on conceptsThe idea of how something works or exists. that may be confusing so you can ask about them in class. In the professional world, many jobs require outlining; for instance, attorneys and paralegals often need to outline court rulings as a way of writing legal briefs.
Review the short reading and notice how it can be outlined to show the major details and the main idea, using both formal and informal outlines.
Building Your Own Backyard Pond
Building your own pond takes significant planning. Before you begin, you will need to make some important decisions about what type of pond you want, where you want it, and how much time you have to dedicate to its care and maintenance. Once planned and built, your pond will be a source of beauty that can last for many years.
The first item you must consider is what type of pond you want. Do you want a small bubbling fountain? Perhaps you would like a pond to showcase different plants. You may also desire a fishpond, maybe with a waterfall or stream. Different types of ponds require different construction, so knowing what you are looking for will help you when making your pond plans.
Next, you should think about where you want to place your pond. Do you have a large or small yard? Will your pond be the focal point of your yard or do you want to place it in a corner where it will be out of the way? Your pond should fit the design of your yard, so look around at the design of your space. Ask yourself how your pond will fit in with the landscaping you already have; or if you are designing your yard around your pond, ask yourself what type of environment you are trying to create.
Finally, before constructing your pond, you need to decide how much time you have to care for it. Maintaining a pond involves cleaning it, changing the filter, and using the correct products to maintain the water and the health of the plants and fish (if any). This maintenance can require a good amount of work, but if you know in advance what you want, you can create the best pond for you.
Ponds make a wonderful addition to any backyard. The sound of bubbling water and the presence of wildlife can create a peaceful place for all lovers of the outdoors. Get started planning your own backyard retreat today!
I. Main idea: Planning a Pond
iii. Using products
Main idea: Planning a Pond
- Types of Ponds
Read the following essay and create a formal and informal outline for its content. Be sure to include the major details and the main idea.
Becoming a Landscape Architect
If you've chosen a career in landscaping, you're in luck! Landscaping is one of the fastest-growing career fields today with more people looking into programs in landscape architecture than ever before.
First of all, what does a landscape architect do? These professionals are responsible for planning and designing parks, areas around highways, personal properties, industrial and corporate sites, as well as housing subdivisions. Landscape architects can choose from a variety of areas to specialize in, helping them find the type of locations and projects that suit their interests and lifestyle.
What about the pay? You may be pleased to learn that the average pay for landscape architects is between $50,000 and $60,000 a year, depending on education, job type, and location. Pay, of course, will also depend on your experience. Those interested in this career will need to find a good educational program that sets up internships and cooperative experiences that provide hands-on experience that will be invaluable when searching for a job.
Are you wondering how to get started? The first step is to look at requirements posted on job advertisements. Attending a good program at an accredited school is a must. You will also need to learn about the different tests or exams you will be required to take to become licensed or certified to work as a landscape architect.
Finding a career that is right for you takes time and determination. If you enjoy working in a design field and being outdoors, you may have found your match as a landscape architect.
Create a formal outline.
I. Main Idea: Landscape Architecture
A. Job description
iii. Personal properties
iv. Industrial and corporate sites
v. Housing subdivisions
i. Between $50,000-$60,000 per year
ii. Depends on education, job type, and location
C. Getting started
i. Look at job descriptions
ii. Find an accredited program
iii. Learn about tests and licensing
Create an informal outline.
Main Idea: Landscape Architecture
- Job description
- Getting started
How can outlines be useful when reading a paragraph or essay?
Outlines can help you understand what the main idea is in the reading. If the main idea is not easily understood, seeing the major and minor details listed can sometimes point you in the right direction. The reverse can be true, too. If the main idea is obvious, listing out the supporting details can help you figure out which are the major supporting details and which are the minor.
What is the benefit of using a traditional outline format? An informal outline format?
The traditional outline makes it easier to determine the difference between the major and minor supporting details in a reading and can help you understand a reading that is difficult. An informal outline is good for discovering the main idea and for briefly sketching out the important points of a reading.
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